College Board announced in early 2022 that it will offer the PSAT/NMSQT® and SAT® tests digitally starting in 2023 and 2024.
The testing organization will administer the first digital PSAT test in fall of 2023. College Board recently confirmed that the fall of 2023 PSAT test will be the first digital test available. However, any national SAT tests or SAT School Day tests administered during a school test day in the fall of 2023 will be on paper.
“Over the last 30 years KD College Prep has seen numerous adjustments, reconstructions, and make-overs by College Board. With each change we have adapted and found new and improved ways to prepare our students,” says David Dillard, CEO of KD College Prep.
This is not the first time that College Board has made significant changes to the tests, and it won’t be the last! However, the shift to an online format will involve some major changes to how the students take the tests and how certain questions are formatted.
“This digital conversion has been signaled by the company for some time,” Dillard says.
In this post, we answer some common questions about what to expect with these changes and provide our advice for families moving forward.
“Digital” can mean a lot of things at first glance. But one thing is clear with this announcement: students will not take the online PSAT or SAT tests at home.
In their announcement, College Board stated that the digital SAT test will still take place in a proctored, in-person environment. Students will still take the tests at school or at a testing center.
The test will take place on a laptop or tablet through an exam application developed by the College Board. This application will need to be downloaded to the device prior to test day. Students can use personal or school-issued devices.
The shift to digital will fundamentally change how College Board administers the test. Here are some basic, yet significant, format changes that students will need to prepare for:
- The SAT test will last approximately two hours, which reduces overall testing time by about an hour.
- The new digital format will be adaptive, meaning it will vary from student to student.
- The new digital format will consist of two modules of varying difficulty. After the first module, one of two potential second-stage modules will be administered. The difficulty of module 2 is dependent on module 1 performance.
- On the digital version, questions that test similar skills and knowledge are grouped together and arranged from easiest to hardest.
The most significant changes to the new digital version of the tests will be within the reading and writing sections. College Board confirmed that this move to a digital format will change some aspects regarding the content of the test, though the new digital test will continue to evaluate the same core skills of reading comprehension, making inferences, evaluating informational graphics, editing for grammar, and editing text to achieve a rhetorical purpose.
Here are some key differences on the reading/writing sections:
- The digital version of these tests will feature more direct questions and short excerpts instead of full-length reading passages: 25-150 words per passage compared to 350-750 words per passage on the current version, with one question per “passage.”
- Average time per question on the new digital format is 1.19 minutes compared to 1.25 minutes on the current version.
- On the reading section, there will be no more line references on the new digital version. Instead, portions of text are underlined.
- On the reading section of the digital version, “Craft & Structure” makes up 28% of the questions, with “Information and Ideas” accounting for 26% of the questions.
- On the writing section of the new digital test, “Standard English Conventions” accounts for 26% of the questions (compared to 21% on the current version), and “Expression of Ideas” 20% (compared to 25% on the current version).
College Board has also announced the following changes to the math sections when it shifts to the digital format:
- Students will be allowed to use calculators on every math question of the new digital test. Students can use their own calculator or use the calculator built into the exam application.
- Average time per question is 1.6 minutes on the new digital format, compared to 1.25 minutes (no calculator) and 1.45 minutes (with calculator) on the current version.
- The new digital test will contain shorter word problems—generally 50 words or less.
- “Grid-ins” are now called “free response.”
There appears to be a slight increase in the number of more difficult math questions, but the same four concepts are tested: Algebra I and II, geometry, and trigonometry.
The PSAT test will change to a digital format beginning in the fall of 2023. Schools and testing centers in the U.S. will offer the first digital SAT test in the spring of 2024.
Whether these changes apply to you varies depending on your grade level. Below we provide more specific guidelines for each group of current high school students.
Class of 2023 (Current 12th Graders)
These changes will not impact students who attend high school in the U.S. and will graduate in the Class of 2022 or the Class of 2023. They’ll graduate before the PSAT or SAT test transitions to the new digital format.
Class of 2024 (Current 11th Graders)
For U.S. students, these changes will only affect Class of 2024 high school students who decide to take the test during the spring of their 12th grade year. As mentioned above, College Board will offer the first digital SAT test in the U.S. during the spring of 2024.
We strongly encourage students to complete testing prior to 12th grade to allow for more time to focus on college applications.
Class of 2025 (Current 10th graders)
These students will experience both paper and digital tests. This past fall (fall of 2022), 10th graders took a paper PSAT test. In 11th grade, they will take the digital PSAT test. It’s important to note here that College Board has indicated that instead of a handful of in-school test dates for the PSAT digital test in the fall of 2023, schools may decide on a test date any time during the month of October. Check with your high school counselor to know exactly which day you can expect to take the test.
For SAT tests taken through December of the 11th grade, these students will take the paper version. Starting in spring of 11th grade, they will take the new digital SAT® test.
We recommend that these students continue preparing as normal. As College Board announces additional details regarding these changes, we will communicate more specific recommendations. At KD, we will include preparation for both the paper and digital format for these students.
“We will have the first students to be affected, our clients in the Class of 2025, ready long before the new test format’s launch,” Dillard says.
Class of 2026 (Current 9th graders)
This class will be the first to be impacted by a purely digital testing environment for the PSAT and SAT tests. Since the test content will remain consistent, students still need to acquire and practice math and verbal skills. You should continue your foundational preparation with KD as recommended. We will communicate more specific changes in spring of 2023.
Please Note: Some high-level Class of 2026 students should consider taking the paper SAT test at some point during August through December of 2023 of their 10th grade year. Please speak to a KD advisor to see if this recommendation might apply to your student.
This is not the first time that KD College Prep has helped its students navigate changes to the SAT test format. During our 30-year history, we have experienced several of these events. We have anticipated this change and will be adjusting our offerings in turn so that we can continue to offer expert assistance to students impacted by this change.
The first practice activities for the new digital test will be available to KD students in early spring of 2023.
College Board has stated that digital testing will replace the paper materials and pencils currently required. A paper PSAT test will not be available starting in the fall of 2023, and a paper SAT test will not be available starting in the spring of 2024.
College Board states they will continue to ensure every student has the appropriate accommodations they need and that most paper-test accommodations will transfer directly to the digital test. Students unable to test digitally will have an avenue to request a paper test.
Stay the course. Continue to prepare as you are now and stay engaged with us so we can help you with specific recommendations as you approach the change. The skill set needed for this test will not change. The test will still include reading, writing, and math.
Still need to prepare for upcoming SAT and PSAT tests? Now is a great time to start.
The PSAT test will change to a digital format beginning in the fall of 2023. The first digital SAT test in the U.S. will be in the spring of 2024. The first practice activities for the new digital test will be available to KD students in early spring of 2023.
The ACT test announced back in September 2019 that it was planning to offer online options to students starting in the fall of 2020. The pandemic altered those plans, and the ACT test announced in July 2020 that its online testing plans had been postponed.
Our advisors are available to answer questions regarding these test changes and can provide direction on the best next steps for your family. For more guidance, schedule a free consultation or contact your home campus.
“As always, we are here to make sure our students are ready to show their best selves when it matters most,” Dillard says.